Gonorrhoea (also called ‘the clap’, ‘gonno’ or ‘the drip’)

 

What is it?

 

Gonorrhoea is a common sexually transmissible infection (STI).In women, the infection can occur in your vagina, anus (bum), throat, and less commonly in the eyes.

 

How do you get it?

 

Gonorrhoea is passed on by giving or receiving vaginal, anal (bum) or oral sex. Touching an infected dick, vagina or anus and then touching your own vagina or anus or eyes can transmit gonorrhoea.

 

What are the symptoms or signs?

 

It is quite common to have no symptoms, especially if the infection is in your rectum (bum) or the throat.

 

If symptoms do occur, the common symptoms include:

 

These symptoms usually take between two and 10 days to show up after being infected.

 

Testing

 

Tests for gonorrhoea include swabs or a urine test. .

 

Can it be treated?

 

Gonorrhoea is easily cured with antibiotics. You must finish taking all of the antibiotics you are given even if the symptoms are gone before you finish them. Sexual contact should be avoided for at least one week to ensure the infection has cleared after treatment.

 

How can it be prevented?

 

Using a condom does reduce the risk of transmission if the infected area is covered. Condoms may not always cover the infected area so there is still a risk of passing on gonorrhoea. It can also be passed on through oral sex or by touching an infected area.

 

Gonorrhoea and babies

 

Gonorrhoea can be passed on to babies during the birth. It can affect their eyes and cause a serious infection. This is treated with antibiotics if it happens.

 

 

Gonorrhoea & HIV

 

HIV infection may exacerbate some of the symptoms of gonorrhoea and make some known complications of gonorrhoea more likely—for example, cases of severe arthritis related to gonorrhoea and a severe inflammation (swelling) of the membrane covering the eye have been reported in people with HIV.

 

Research has shown a link between gonorrhoea and faster HIV disease progression.

 

Gonorrhoea infections also increase the amount of HIV in vaginal fluids. This means that the chance of passing on HIV through unprotected vaginal sex is greater.

 

Gonorrhoea also causes inflammation, which can make an HIV-negative person more susceptible to being infected with HIV.